Understanding The Difference Between eLearning and mLearning
The need to disseminate education efficiently imposed that classrooms should no longer be confined within four walls. So distance learning came into being. Then as technology evolved, lessons were not only delivered to mailboxes (the ones on the curb) but also reached learners on their computers. Thus eLearning developed. And now, because learners are no longer tethered to their desks (the rise of the remote and mobile workforce), learning is being delivered to their hand-held devices where they can consume it on the go.
Although e-Learning and m-Learning are used synonymously in many quarters, the two modes of learning differ in many aspects. As a learning designer, you must know all about the two formats so that you can create effective instructional content for each.
We've gone over tons of articles that talk about the differences between eLearning and mLearning, so we've created this blog post to save you time doing your research. Here, we list down four of the main differences between both terms.
You might want to check out these articles:
- Is M-learning versus E-learning or are they supporting each other?
- Mobile Learning versus E-Learning – Is There a Difference?
- mLearning: The Way of Learning Tomorrow
- The Different Uses of E-learning and M-learning
- Desktop Versus Mobile Learning
- mLearning Is Not eLearning on A Mobile Device
- From E-Learning to M-Learning: A Different Beast
- Right Time and Place: mLearning Use Cases
Making Sense of the Jargons: The Definitions
The “e” in eLearning is “electronic.” So eLearning is any form of learning that is delivered using electronic devices like the computer via channels like the Internet. However, learning can also be delivered via the Intranet/Extranet networks.
The “m” in mLearning is “mobile.” So mLearning is any form of knowledge that is given using hand-held and portable devices.
So what do they have in common? mLearning is a sub-set of eLearning because both rely on digital communication to take the teach to the learners. But the similarities end here.
The Overarching Difference: The Purpose
When should you choose one over the other?
eLearning gets the nod when you have to teach specific skills or impart in-depth knowledge on a subject to your audience. You choose mLearning to support an ongoing learning process where the learner needs quick access to bits of information, usually on the go.
So if you have to teach someone how to operate a machine or make him learn by heart the HR policies of an organization, choose eLearning. The eLearning keywords are: structured, formal, and time-bound.
If you want your learners to have handy a list of to-do’s while they are in the store, create an mLearning nugget that they can carry around in their pockets or call up as and when they need it. The mLearning keywords are: on-demand, just-in-time, and context-aware.
Where to Find ‘Em: The Medium of Delivery
If it is eLearning, think computers and laptops. That is eLearning tethers the learner to his or her desk. You may or may not need the Internet to deliver eLearning. So you needn’t be bothered by bandwidth concerns and can have a blast stashing audios, videos, and hi-res images into the course.
If it is mLearning, think smartphones or the iPad. The keywords are: on-the-go, portability, and ready accessibility. However, the challenge for the designers is to create learning files that download in a jiffy and run without hiccups.
Not Lookalikes: The Design
If it is eLearning, it will usually be on a computer or a laptop. So what do you see? Large screens. This means that you have the screen real estate, and you have also managed to pin down the learner to his seat.
If you are a designer, you can let loose your creativity when you design an eLearning course. If you can create an enticing layout peppered with the right amount of drama and tension, be assured that your learner will sit through the end of the course.
On the other hand, when talking about mLearning, what do you see? Small screens and learners peeking at them while they wait at the doctor’s office, in the subway, or as they catch up with their friends at the coffee shop. You neither have the screen real estate nor are you assured of the learners’ undivided attention (how can you when the smartphone is always blinking, flashing, and beeping).
So mLearning units have to fit content within a small space, and there is usually no more than one idea in one screen. mLearning units have simple screens with simple navigation. Designing for mLearning units is challenging; it goes beyond “shrinking eLearning".
The golden rule: to create successful mLearning designs, understanding context is crucial, says Paul Clothier, an expert in mobile learning content solutions.
Keeping an Eye on Time: The Duration
Adult corporate learners don’t have all the time in the world. The smartphone users amongst them have even less time. So if you are creating an eLearning course, keep it to between 20 minutes and 30-45 minutes max. On the other hand, chunk your mLearning courses into bite-sized pieces of 3-10 minutes duration. You can use videos, but they should not be more than 3 minutes long. After all, you wouldn’t want to clog bandwidth.
Contrary to what the uninitiated makes it out to be, eLearning and mLearning are not competing against each other. Both can feature in a blended learning program where mLearning would supplement eLearning courses. As you may have realized, eLearning and mLearning are more different than similar. So, neither can wholly take over the functions of the other.
Floro, Nick. Mobile Learning. October 2011.